Scientists discover an impenetrable barrier 11,500 km above Earth
Scientists discover an impenetrable barrier 11,500 km above Earth

Scientists discover an impenetrable barrier 11,500 km above Earth

Scientists discover an impenetrable barrier 11,500 km above Earth: A group of researchers, led by Professor Daniel Baker of the Laboratory of Atmospheric and Space Physics at the University of Colorado, discovered an impermeable resistance about 11,500 km above our planet that blocks the so-called ‘killer electrons’, which form satellites and La desolation can kill space systems during intense solar storms.

The near-Earth space environment is a complex interaction between the magnetic field of our planet, the cold plasma of its ionosphere and the hot plasma coming from the solar wind; These interactions combine to keep the radiation belt around the Earth. Plasma interactions can produce rapidly delayed regions in these belts. In addition to the internal and external radiation belts, the plasma’s coldest plasma is interconnected to keep high-energy electrons out of range, known as plasma pause. The radiation belt (rainbow color) and the plasma pause (blue-green surface) surround the Earth, its structure is largely determined by the bipolar magnetic field of the Earth (represented by cyan curved lines).

The radiation belt opens into slices and represents representative charged particles that spiral around the structure of the magnetic field. The yellow particles represent electrons with negative charge, the blue particles represent ions with positive charge. However, if the mass of particles and energy increase realistically, the spiral movement will not be visible at this distance, so the mass and particle size scales will be adjusted to be visible.

The barrier was discovered in the Van Allen radiation belt, a collection of charged particles, collected by the Earth’s magnetic field, in August 2012 using NASA’s Van Allen probe to study the region.

Van Allen’s belt was discovered in 1958 by the American satellite Explorer 1.

In subsequent decades, researchers have learned that they can resize or merge, or sometimes even separate into three belts. But, in general, the inner belt extends between 650 and 9,650 km above the Earth’s surface and the outer belt between 13,500 and 58,000 km above the surface.

New data from Van Ellen’s research suggests that the inner edge of the outer belt (at an altitude of approximately 11,500 km) is, in fact, very pronounced. For faster and higher energy electrons, this edge is an acute limit that, under normal circumstances, electrons simply cannot penetrate.

“It’s almost as if these electrons moved in a glass wall in space. To some extent, the shields created by the Star Trek force fields that were used to repel alien weapons, we see an invisible shield that blocks their electrons. This is a very surprising event, “said Professor Baker, the first author of the article published in the journal Nature.

Originally, scientists thought that highly charged electrons would flow slowly into the upper atmosphere and be slowly erased by interactions with air molecules.

“But the impenetrable barrier seen by the Bacon Van Allen spacecraft intercepts the electrons before they receive it,” said Professor Bacon.

He and his colleagues analyzed many scenarios that could create and maintain such a shield.

He wondered if this could happen along Earth’s magnetic field lines, which trap and control protons and electrons, bouncing them like beads on a string between the Earth’s poles.

They also observed whether radio signals from human transmitters on Earth could disperse charged electrons in the barrier, reducing their speed.

“None of the explanations made scientific sense,” said Professor Baker.

“Nature insults strong shields and generally finds ways to soften them, so we would expect some relativistic electrons to move inward and others outward. It is not clear what the movement of these particles implies.” What can slow and gradual processes do to create such a fast and consistent limit on this location in space, “he explained.

“Another scenario is that a huge cloud of cold gas, electrically charged, called a plasmosphere, begins 965 km above the Earth and extends thousands of km in the outer belt of Van Allen, by low frequency electromagnetic waves. Create a plasmaphase His that is dispersing electrons in the limit. When someone touches the speaker, a white voice is heard. “

He said: “This area has to be examined in great detail, what we can do because of the

Scientists discover an impermeable barrier 11,500 km above the Earth: a group of researchers led by Professor Daniel Baker of the Laboratory of Atmospheric and Space Physics at the University of Colorado discovered an impenetrable resistance about 11,500 km above our game. It blocks the so-called “killer electrons,” which make satellites and desolate spacecraft during intense solar storms. Ion can kill.

The near-Earth space environment is a complex interaction between the magnetic field of our planet, the cold plasma of its ionosphere and the hot plasma coming from the solar wind; These interactions combine to place radiation belts around the Earth.

Plasma interactions can produce rapidly delayed regions in these belts. In addition to the internal and external radiation belts, the coldest plasma plasma is interconnected to keep high-energy electrons out of range, known as plasma stagnation. The radiation belt (the color of the rainbow) and the stagnation of the plasma (blue-green surface) surround the Earth, its composition is largely determined by the bipolar magnetic field of the Earth (represented by cyan curved lines).

The radiation belt opens into slices and represents representative charged particles that spiral around the structure of the magnetic field. Yellow particles represent negatively charged electrons, blue particles represent positively charged ions. However, if the mass of particles and energy increases realistically, the spiral movement will not be visible at this distance, so the mass and particle size scales will be adjusted to be visible. The barrier was discovered in the Van Allen radiation belt, a collection of charged particles collected by Earth’s magnetic field using NASA’s Van Allen probe in August 2012. The Van Allen belt was discovered in 1958 by the satellite American Explorer 1.

In later decades, researchers have learned that they can resize or merge, or sometimes even separate into three belts. But, in general, the inner belt extends between 650 and 9,650 km above the Earth’s surface and the outer belt from 13,500 to 58,000 km above the surface. 

New data from Van Ellen’s research suggests that the inner edge of the outer belt (at an altitude of approximately 11,500 km) is, in fact, very pronounced. For fast and high energy electrons, this edge is an acute limit that, under normal circumstances, electrons simply cannot penetrate. It is almost as if these electrons had moved towards a glass wall in space. Up to a point, the shields created by Star Trek force fields that were used to repel alien weapons, we see an invisible shield that blocks their electrons.

This is a very surprising phenomenon, “Professor Baker is the first author of an article published in the journal Nature. Originally, scientists thought that highly charged electrons would flow slowly into the upper atmosphere and be slowed down by interactions with molecules of air – it will slowly disappear, but the impenetrable barrier seen by the Bacon Van Allen spacecraft by accepting electrons before it can reach He said: “Professor Bacon said. He and his colleagues analyzed several scenarios that could create and maintain such a gradient.

He wondered if it could be along the lines of the Earth’s magnetic field, which protons and trap and control electrons, bouncing them like beads on a string between the Earth’s poles. They also see if the human crawls on Earth. The radio signals of the reviewer can cause charged electrons to slow down. Professor Baker said that no explanation makes scientific sense.

Nature insults strong shields and generally finds ways to soften them, so it is expected that some relativistic electrons move inward and others outward. It is not clear what the movement of these particles is. . “He said what slow and gradual processes can do to create such a fast and consistent limit on this location in space, he explained. Another scenario is that a huge cloud of cold gas, which is electrically charged, called atmosphere, begins at 965 km on Earth and extends thousands of km in the outer belt of Van Allen by low frequency electromagnetic waves.

Create a plasma phase that is extending electrons across the limit.When someone touches the speaker, you hear a white sound. He said: “This area should be examined in great detail, what can we do because of this?

The scientists originally thought that highly charged electrons would slowly move into the upper atmosphere and be gradually eliminated by interactions with air molecules.

“But the impenetrable barrier seen by the twin spacecraft Van Allen stops the electrons before they get this far,” said Professor Baker.

He and his collaborators observed a series of scenarios that could create and maintain that shield.

They wondered if it could have to do with the Earth’s magnetic field lines, which trap and control protons and electrons, bouncing between the Earth’s poles like beads on a string.

They also observed whether the radio signals from human transmitters on Earth could be dispersing the charged electrons in the barrier, preventing their downward movement.

“None of the explanations made scientific sense,” said Professor Baker.

“Nature abhors strong gradients and generally finds ways to soften them, so we would expect some of the relativistic electrons to move in and others out. It is not obvious how the slow and gradual processes that should participate in the movement of these particles can conspire to create such a sharp and persistent limit on this location in space, “he explained.

“Another scenario is that the giant cloud of cold gas, electrically charged, called plasmasphere, which begins 965 km above the Earth and extends thousands of kilometers inside the outer belt of Van Allen, is dispersing electrons at the limit with electromagnetic waves low frequency that creates a plasma whistle The whistle sounds like a white noise when played on a speaker.

He added: “the key is to continue observing the region with exquisite detail, what we can do thanks to the powerful instruments in the Van Allen probes.”

“If the Sun really exploits the Earth’s magnetosphere with a coronal mass ejection, I suspect it will break the shield for a period of time.”

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