New Winged Dinosaur Species: Paleontologists in China Have Identified A New Species of The Dromasore Microprotein
New winged dinosaur species have been identified in China

New species of winged dinosaurs: paleontologists in China have identified a new species of Dromasore microprotein, which belongs to the famous Velociraptor dinosaur. An artist’s interpretation may be similar to that of Vulong Bohnsis.

The newly discovered dinosaurs lived about 120 million years ago during the Cretaceous period. Called Woolong Bohensis, this species was larger than a common raven but smaller than a raven. It had a narrow face full of sharp teeth and a long, bony tail that doubled its length.

Waleong bohansis was covered with feathers, including the shape of a feather on his arms and legs and two long plums at the end of the tail. The dinosaur is one of the oldest relatives of Velociraptor, the famous dromaeosaurid theropod that lived about 75 million years ago.

Postdoctoral researcher at the Natural History Museum of San Diego, D.R. Ashley Pavet said: “The new dinosaur fits with an incredible winged radiation, which is related to the origin of the birds.” “Studying such specimens not only shows us the sometimes surprising paths that ancient life has taken, but also allows us to demonstrate that the bird is important, even flying in the distant past.

How important are the features? “

“Dr. Pomp said:” It has feathers on its limbs and tail that we associate with adult birds, but it has other characteristics that make us think it is a juvenile … Dr. Pavte and his colleagues analyzed dinosaur bones and discovered that This person was a minor. This means that at least some dinosaurs were getting very beautiful wings before growing up, “he said.

“Birds grow very fast and often recover their adult feathers until they are full size. The striking feathers, especially those used for mating, are particularly delayed. Here was an immature dinosaur, with two long wings that extended beyond the tip An article about the discovery of Wulong bohaiensis was published in The Anatomical Record.

New species of titty monkey discovered in Brazil: an international team of researchers has discovered a new species of titty monkey that lives in the jungles of Brazil. Perseus titis (Pelturus percis) in the Forrest Reserve of the Municipality of the UHE Rondon II Hydroelectric Power Plant, Pensta Bueno, Rondônia, Brazil.

Titi monkeys are one of the most diverse groups of neotopic primates, with more than 30 species currently recognized. These monkeys that live in trees are small, with a length of 23 to 46 centimeters (9-18 inches). They have long and soft fur and a striking coloration.

Titi monkeys live in small family groups, which consist of a monogamous couple and their offspring. They mainly eat fruits, prefer dense forests near the water and easily jump off the branch, earning their German names, jumping monkeys.

Paracis titi (Pelturbus percis) in the forest reserve of the municipality of the UAH Rondan II Hydroelectric Power Plant, Pensta Bueno, Rondônia, Brazil. The new species is that of gintiltrosab, a small monkey of the Amitian group.

It is formed by Universo Esto di Mato Grosso and the Institute of Professional Eduacao and his colleagues Drs. Almario Camara Gassamo was discovered and called Paresi Titi (Poursbus Paris). The scientists said it can be distinguished from other species of this brown color.

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The organs are brown on the outer surface and white on the inner surface. The breasts, larynx and sideburns are also white. The back has a red chestnut, and the tail is gray, white at the tip. An artistic imprint of Paresi Titi (paresis of Palaecebus).

Parsi teti occurs in many areas in several Brazilian states of Mato Grosso and Rondônia. “Most of the registered areas coincide with the high altitude areas in the transition zone between the Amazon rainforest.

And the Cerrado savanna in southern Rondonia and west of Mato Grosso, including part of the Chapada dos Perisation (plateau of Peru ) and Arpuana. This researcher stated: “Jurena and Aripuna / Roosevelt interfere.”

An exception is the Jurena National Park Registry, which is located in a relatively low elevation zone. The new species class is located in the deforestation area of the Amazon Arc, where large areas of forest are being destroyed for timber, colonization and industrial agriculture, he says.

Based on the categories and criteria of the IUCN Red List, this new titi should be considered a close threat. Dr. Gusmo and his co-authors published an article describing the new species in the 2020 edition of Primate Conservation.

The most beautiful but highly poisonous snake species was discovered in Honduras: Dr. from the University of Florida in Gainesville A team of biologists led by James Austin described a new species of palm green pitwiper from a threatened cloud forest reserve in northern Honduras.

Honduras (Josiah H. Townsend) The newly discovered male palomero Bothrichs gifroi, the new species, reported in the open access magazine Zucchez, was named Bothriches Guarroi in honor of Don Mario Giuffaro, the Honduran environmental leader of Olancho.

Don Guifaro was a former hunter and a goldmine who became an outdoor conservationist when he saw that the vast rain forests of eastern Honduras were destroyed and turned into cattle ranches.

After years of threats and multiple attempts of his life, Don Guifaro was ambushed and killed on September 15, 2007 while on a mission to delimit a biosphere reserve for the Tawahka Indians.

Both Gaifaroi, hitchhikers, were previously confused with other Honduran palm pruners due to similarities in color patterns and scale. The genetic analysis showed that the closest relatives of the new species are actually more than 600 km south in the mountains of Costa Rica.

The team discovered one of the richest, most prosperous and diverse highland forests in Mesoamerica, during both expeditions in 2010 with the objective of studying the wildlife of the Texas Wildlife Refuge.

This beautiful snake represents the fifteenth endemic species that occurs in the region. The Texas Wildlife Refuge was created in 1987 to protect wildlife populations such as the famous but elusive Jaguar and Tapir of Central America, as well as Hitler and white-faced, lazy monkeys and a variety of amphibians, reptiles and plants endemic. 

“We recommend that Bothrichs guifaroi be immediately classified as threatened due to the limited known area of occurrence and the potential for anthropogenic damage to its habitat.

We also believe that this species is an immediate consideration for protection under CITES. It does, given its surprising presence and its high probability of exploitation in the pet trade, ”he concludes.

A 99 million-year-old snake offspring was found in Burmese amber: Myanmar’s Cretaceous amber (also known as Burma) has been found to conserve fossil remains of a breeding embryonic snake. 

Xiaophis myanmarensis now lived in a forest environment in Myanmar. The alleged newly obtained sample was obtained from an amber deposit in the Aungbamo region of Kachin province in Myanmar.

The fossil is a vertebrate skeleton composed of 97 vertebrae 1.6 inches (4.75 cm) long; The snake lost its head. It comes from the late Cretaceous era, about 99 million years ago.

Professor Michael Caldwell of the University of Alberta said: “This snake, called Geophys myanmarensis, is associated with ancient snakes in Argentina, Africa, India and Australia.”

It is an important and hitherto lost component of understanding the evolution of snakes from the southern continents of Gondwana in the Middle Mesozoic. Photograph of a fragment of amber containing 3D reconstructions of Zybophis myanamensis and its skeleton.

Dr. Alessandro’s policy linked the University of Flinders and the Museum of Australia, Australia, which “at the age of 99 million years, dates back to the age of dinosaurs,” snakes began to differentiate into modern groups. This Asian fossil helps illustrate how primitive snakes spread from south to north.

Although it is in the northern hemisphere, it is similar to the South American snakes of the time. The piece of amber in which Xiaophis myanamensis was found also provided important clues about its surroundings and it is clear that this little snake lived in a forest environment with many insects and plants, since they are preserved in the clast, “said Professor Caldwell.

Not only do we have the first baby snake, we have the first definitive evidence of a fossilized snake that lives in the forest. Jing et al studied a second specimen with what appears to be a piece of skin separated by a large snake. The degree of protection allowed the team to realize the snake’s pigmentation pattern.

This image by Ryan McKellar, Royal Saskatchewan Museum. Jing et al studied a second specimen with what appears to be a piece of skin separated by a large snake. The degree of protection allowed the team to realize the snake’s pigmentation pattern. Image credit: Ryan McKellar, Royal Saskatchewan Museum. About 150 million years ago (late Jurassic era), Myanmar joined Australia, Antarctica, Africa and South America, the supercontinent Gondwana.

Through continental drift, Myanmar finally separated from Gondwana and began to flow north until it reached Asia. “Jiaophis Myanmarensis was part of this landslide, transporting all kinds of plants and animals from Gondwanan to Asia as a large passenger ship,” said Professor Michael Lee of the University of Flanders and the Museum of South Australia.

In fact, although this snake was found in the northern hemisphere, it looks like Gondwan snakes. Clear images of potential snake skin: (a) general view of the entire specimen; Scale bar – 5 mm; (B) showing rows of convergent scale (upper center) near the left side of the sample; Scale bar – 1 mm; (C) the right front region of the sample; Scale bar – 1 mm. Image credit: Xing et al, doi: 10.1126 / Sciadv.aat5042.

Together with Xiaophis myanmaensis, the team found and studied another piece of amber, which appears to be a piece of skin isolated from a very large snake. “Snake scales are shaped like a diamond or oval, with deep skin lines between each scale.

The scientists said some lines are seen in extinct snakes. “You cannot see the scales of an enlarged stomach. The light and dark areas distributed on the skin of the shed reveal color patterns. The degree of conservation allowed researchers to create patterns of pigmentation of the animal in life.

The research is published in Science Advances.

Jing et al studied a second specimen with what appears to be a piece of skin separated by a large snake. The degree of protection allowed the team to realize the snake’s pigmentation pattern. Dr. Alessandro’s policy told people associated with the University of Flinders and the Museum of Australia, Australia, that at the age of 99 million, it goes back to the age of dinosaurs, snakes began to differentiate into modern groups .

This Asian fossil helps explain how primitive snakes spread from south to north. Although it is in the northern hemisphere, it is similar to the South American snakes of the time. The piece of amber in which Xiaophis myanamensis was found also provided important clues about its surroundings and it is clear that this little snake lived in a jungle environment with many insects and plants, since they are preserved in clasts, “said Professor Caldwell.

Not only do we have the first baby snake, we have the first definitive evidence of a fossilized snake that lives in the forest. Jing et al studied a second specimen with what appears to be a piece of skin separated by a large snake. The degree of protection allowed the team to notice the snake’s pigmentation pattern.

This image by Ryan McKellar, Royal Saskatchewan Museum. Jing et al studied a second specimen with what appears to be a piece of skin separated by a large snake. The degree of protection allowed the team to notice the snake’s pigmentation pattern. Image credit: Ryan McKellar, Royal Saskatchewan Museum.

About 150 million years ago (it was the late Jurassic), Myanmar joined Australia, Antarctica, Africa and South America, the supercontinent Gondwana. Through continental drift, Myanmar finally separated from Gondwana and continued to flow north until it reached Asia.

Geophys Myanmaransis was part of this landslide, transporting all kinds of plants and animals from Gondwanan to Asia as a large passenger ship, said Professor Michael Lee of the University of Flanders and the Museum of South Australia. In fact, although this snake was found in the northern hemisphere, it resembles Gondwan snakes.

Together with Xiaophis myanmaensis, the team found and studied another piece of amber, which appears to be a piece of skin separated by a very large snake. Snake scales are diamond or oval shaped, with deep lines between each part of the skin. The scientists said some lines are seen in extinct snakes.

You may not notice enlarged abdominal scales. The light and dark areas distributed on the skin of the shed reveal a color pattern. The degree of conservation allowed researchers to create pigmentation patterns of the animal in life.

The research is published in Science Advances.

Burmese amber preserves 99 million years old tropical frogs: in an article published in Scientific Reports this week, paleontologists have described an extinct genus and a frog species, Electoramana limoae, which is Cretaceous amber (99 million) in the center from Myanmar Years old). About 99 million years ago, a small juvenile frog in Myanmar was suddenly trapped in a groove with a beetle, perhaps its next meal.

About 99 million years ago, this image from the University of Florida, Gainesville, today in Myanmar, a small juvenile frog was suddenly caught in a candle with a beetle, perhaps its next meal. Image from the University of Florida, Gainesville. In 2015, four specimens of Electra protected with amber were acquired in the Angbamo region, in the province of Kachin, in northern Myanmar.

They provide early direct evidence of frogs that live in humid tropical forest ecosystems and are the oldest known examples of amber-protected frogs, with only two previous reports of cenozoic amber deposits in the Dominican Republic. “It is almost unheard of to get fossil frogs from this era, which are small, retain small bones and are mainly 3D.

This is very special, “Dr. Associate Curator of Herpetology at the Museum of Natural History, Florida. David Blackburn said.” But a reference to the most exciting thing about this animal. “These frogs were part of a tropical ecosystem, which may not Defer in any way to date.

Electrotana limoea is a very small frog, which measures approximately 0.8 inches (2.2 cm) long at the mouth of the vent. Amber has a clearly visible frog skull, its anterior part, a part of the spinal cord, a partial posterior limb and an unknown spot.

Dr. Blackburn said that Electoral raises more questions than he answers. “Heratologists of many characteristics use descriptions of a frog’s life history and determine if other related frogs are missing or are not fully developed in the juvenile frog.”

The existing bones provide clues about the possible living relatives of the electronic cards, but the results are surprising: species that have similar characteristics, including vocations and midwives, Eurasian species that live in temperate regions, ecosystems, not tropics.

The researchers said: “Electora’s discovery helps increase our understanding of frogs in the Cretaceous period, proving that they have been inhabited in humid tropical forests for at least 99 million years.”

8,000-year-old female statue in Cataloyuk: archaeologists have discovered an ancient female statue, approximately 8,000 years old, that was excavated at the Neolithic site of Catalohuk in the center of Anatolia, Turkey. An 8,000-year-old female statue of Cataloyuk, Central Anatolia, Turkey.

Image of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Turkey. The ancient statue is 6.7 inches (17 cm) long and weighs 2.2 pounds (1 kg), and was carved with marble stone. The statue was unearthed earlier this year by an international team led by the Stanford University archaeologist, Professor Ian Hodder.

According to a statement from the Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism, the article worth mentioning is considered “unique for its impeccable appearance and exquisite craftsmanship.”

Archaeologists said the statue was possibly used in rituals. The Cytetalhoides site where the statue was found is one of the largest and best preserved Neolithic sites in the world. It is located about 90 km from Mount Hassan, about 90 km from the modern Turkish city of Konya.

The settlement was established around 7500 BC and was inhabited for more than two centuries. The site was discovered by British archaeologist James Mellaart in the early 1960s. Excavations at the site led to the construction of several ancient artifacts and structures, including the 10-foot-wide wall painting of the city and two peaks, sometimes known as the oldest maps in the world.

According to the research, humans interfere with four species of extinct hominids: while modern Homo sapiens was displaced from Africa and the rest of the world, they found and interfered with at least four different hominid species, the University of Adelaide, According to a new Australian research.

Surprisingly, of these hominids, only Neanderthals and Denisovans are currently known; Other names have been discontinued and found only as traces of DNA that survive in several modern populations.

Reconstruction of Homo florescensis, a species of extinct hominids that lived 74,000 and 18,000 years ago at the bottom of the Indonesian island. Each of us takes us to the genetic traces of the events of these previous mixtures, DRS. João Teixeira is co-author of an article published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

These archaic groups were very broad and genetically diverse, and survive in each of us. Its history is an integral part of how we form “For example, approximately 2% of all current populations show Neanderthal ancestry, which means that Neanderthal’s mixing with the ancestors of modern humans occurred shortly after leaving Africa., Probably between 50,000 and 55,000 years ago. Middle East. “

But as the ancestors of modern humans traveled further, they found themselves in the East and mixed with at least four other groups of archaic humans. Dr. Teixeira announced that the island of Southeast Asia was already a crowded place.

Which we call modern humans, who arrived in the region 50,000 years ago. “At least three other archaic human groups have occupied the region, and the ancestors of modern humans were assimilated before the extinction of archaic humans.”

In his new research, Drs. Teixeira and his colleague, Professor Alan Cooper, analyzed genetic, archaeological and fossil evidence, as well as additional information on reconstructed migration routes and records of fossil vegetation.

The scientists discovered that there was a mixed phenomenon among modern humans and a group around South Asia, which they called the extinct hominid 1 (E1). Other Christian islands originated with Denisovans in Southeast Asia and the Philippines, and with another group, called extinct hominid 2 (EH2) in Floors, Indonesia.

Approximate trajectory (yellow and red arrow) of the movement of anatomically modern humans across the island of Southeast Asia about 50,000 years ago: populations of modern predators with genetic data are shown in red and populations grown in black are shown in color.

The predicted genomic content of EH1 (purple), Denisovan (red), EH2 (brown) and non-parasitic (gray) is shown in the pie chart as the relative proportions observed in the Australian-Papuans (complete circles).

Noticeable. ); All populations with large amounts of Denisovan genomic material are located east of the Wallace line; The incidence of independent introversion with Denisovan groups has been estimated separately for the Australian ISA population: Papua, Philippines (red class 2) and for the Philippines (red class 4).

The signal for a different introduction with an unknown hominin in flowers recorded in genomic data of the current population remains less secure (brown circle 5); The exact location of introverted events 2, 4 and 5 is currently unknown. “We knew that history outside of Africa was not simple, but it seems to be more complex than we thought.”

The island was clearly a region of Southeast Asia.

Arctic human species found in a cave of 14,000-year-old red bone antelopes: an archaic species of the Chinese genus Homo, which for a long time was believed extinct, possibly already 14,000 years ago, among the remains of a thigh bone. The people of Red Deer Cave of China. Artists rebuilding Red Deer Cave.

Peter Scouton image. A 14,000-year-old bone head, a partial female, was found in 1989 in Maludong (Red Deer Cave), Yunnan, southwest China, with fossilized remains of mysterious dark-skinned people. According to a study published in the journal PLoS One. Early bone and bone erections h. Hillis looks like a woman.

Like the primitive Homo habilis species, Maludong’s thigh bone is very small, with the professor, co-author, at the Yunnan Institute of Cultural Relics and Archeology in China. “The axis is narrow, the outer layer (or layer) of the axis is very thin; Shaft walls are reinforced (or with buttocks) in areas of high stress.

The neck of the femur is long; And for the primary flexor muscle of the hip (lower trochanter), the muscular insertion is very large and strongly forward. “With an estimated body mass of about 50 kg, the Maladong person was much smaller according to the human standards of Premier and Ice Age.

There is a possibility that clues about the dominant species with modern humans are found in continental Asia in advance, but the University of New South Wales Dr. Darren Cornow said the case should be made slowly with more bone discoveries. Main co-author of the study.

The scientists said their discovery is controversial because until now, it was thought that the most important younger humans in continental Eurasia (Neanderthals and Denisovans) had died anatomically shortly after the modern monkey, 40,000 years ago. Sapiens entered the region.

When the same team announced the discovery of the remains of the people of Red Deer Cave in 2012, it divided the scientific community. At that time, the scientists speculated that the bones may represent a new unknown species, or perhaps the population of early and early-looking modern humans, who inhabited the region more than 100,000 years ago.

“We first published our findings about the bones of the skull because we thought they would be the most revealing, but we were surprised by our study of the thigh bone, which showed that it is much more primitive than the skull.” ” He said

The moment of human development describes where Maludong’s femur probably fits. The new discovery once again points to at least a few Maludong bones that represent a dominant mysterious species.

The team suggested in another recent PLoS ONE article that Longlin Cave’s skull in China is possibly a hybrid between anatomically modern Homo sapiens and an unknown archaic group, possibly presented by Maludong to Femur.

The researchers said: “The Maludong fossil is possibly a specimen of archaic populations that lived in a biologically complex area of southwest China until about 14,000 years ago.” “The professor said:” The unique climate due to the elevation of the Tibetan plateau and the climate of southwest China has possibly provided a refuge for human diversity.

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New winged dinosaur species have been identified in China: Paleontologists in China have discovered a new species of Dromosaur microprotein that belongs to the famous Velociraptor dinosaur.

An artist’s interpretation is similar to Bhulong Bohanis. Honest Image: Eric Toussaint .. The recently discovered dinosaurs lived about 100 million years ago in the Cretaceous period. Called Woolong Bohanis, this species was larger than the common cork but smaller than the cork.

It had a narrow face with a sharp tooth and a long, bone tail that doubled in length. The Wolfgang Bohannes were covered with feathers, with feathers on their arms and legs, and two bars on the side of the tail. Dinosaur is an old relative of the Velociraptor, about the famous dromaeosaurid theropod. Living 75 million years ago.

Postdoctoral researcher at the Natural History Museum of San Diego, d. R Ashley Pivot said: “The new dinosaur is compatible with the incredible wing radiation that is associated with the origin of birds.”

“Studying such specimens not only shows us the amazing paths that ancient life sometimes takes, but it also allows us to prove that birds are important, including flying on a distant flight. How important are the facilities?”

Dr. Pomp said – it has wings and wings that we associate with adult birds, but it has other features that make us think that it is a teenager. Dr. Pawte and his colleagues analyzed the bones of the dinosaurs and found out that this person was a minor. That means at least some of the dinosaurs were getting pretty good wings before they grew up, “he said.

Birds grow very quickly and usually have their adult feathers until they are completely healthy. Striking feathers, especially those used for pairing, are especially late. Here was an immature dinosaur with two long wings extending more than the tip.

New Titty Monkey species found in Brazil: An international team of investigators have discovered a new species of Titty Monkey in Brazil. Perseus Titis (Pelletus persis) at Municipal Forest Department UHH Rondon 2 Hydroelectric Power Plant, Pensta Bueno, Rond Jia Nia, Brazil.

Titti monkeys, with over 300 species currently identified, are one of the most diverse groups of nepotropical primate. These monkeys living in trees are small, whose length is 23 to 24 centimeters (-1 living-1 inches-1) inch). They have long and soft eyebrows and a striking color.

Titi monkeys live in small family groups, including single marriage partners and their offspring. They mainly eat fruit, prefer cubic eagles near water and easily jump on branches, earn their German name, jump monkeys.

Parachute Titian (Paleparbus persis) Municipality, on the Forest Reservation of UAH Rondon Second Hydropower Center, Pensta Bueno, Rondínia, Brazil. The new species is Gentiltrob, a small monkey of the Amitian group.

It is composed of Universo Esto de Mato Grosso and DRS’s professional Iduacao and their partners. Almario Camara Gassamo was found and is known as Percy Tati (Porcubus Paris). Scientists say that this brown color can be distinguished from other species of this gray by pineapple.

The organs are brown on the outer surface and white on the inner surface. Breasts, tones and sideburns are also white. There is a red stain on the back, and the tail is gray, white on the tips. An artistic imprint of Parei Titi (Palacebus paralysis). Parsi teti is found in many areas in the soil Grosso and in several Brazilian states of Rwanda.

“Most of the registered areas correspond to the high altitude areas of the Amazon rainforest and the transition zone between southern Rwanda and Cerrado Sedona, Chapra dos Paris (part of the Peru Plateau) and Arpuan. The researcher stated: “Jurena and Aripuna / Roosevelt Interventions.”

An exception is the Jurena National Park Registry, which is in a relatively low elevation zone. They say that the new species class is located in the forest area of ​​the Amazon Arch, where large areas of forest are being destroyed for timber, colonization and industrial agriculture. Based on IUCN Red List categories and criteria, this new TTI should be considered a close threat.

Dr. Gusmo and his co-authors published an article describing the new species in version 2 of Primate Conservation.

The most beautiful but highly poisonous snake species was discovered in Honduras

Dr. from the University of Florida in Gainesville. A team of biologists led by James Austin described a new species of palm green pitwiper from a threatened cloud forest reserve in northern Honduras. Honduras (Josiah H. Townsend) The newly discovered male Pamero Bothrichs gifroi, the new species, reported in the open access magazine Zucchez, was named Bothrichs guarai in honor of Don Gifaro, the Honduran environmental leader of Onancho.

Don Guifaro was a former hunter and a goldmine, who became an outdoor conservationist when he saw the great rainforest of eastern Honduras destroyed and turned into cattle. After years of threats and numerous attempts in his life, Don Guifaro was ambushed and killed on September 15, 2007, while Tawka was on a mission to destroy a biosphere reserve for the Indians.

Both gaffroys, hitchhikers, were previously confused with other Honduran palm predators due to similarities in color patterns and scale. The genetic analysis showed that the closest relatives of the new species are actually more than 600 km south in the mountains of Costa Rica. The team discovered one of the richest, most prosperous and diverse high forests in Mesoamerica during both expeditions in 2010, with the goal of studying wildlife at the Texas Wildlife Refuge.

This beautiful snake represents the fifteenth endemic species that occurs in the region. The Texas Wildlife Refuge was created in 1987 to protect wildlife populations such as the famous but elusive Jaguar and Tapir of Central America, as well as Hitler and white-faced lazy monkeys and a variety of amphibians, reptiles and plants. Was made. There are important implications for the Central American biography of Citrus guifaroi, as well as for its conservation, ”said the first author, Dr. Josiah Townsend of Josiah Town, Pennsylvania.

“We recommend that the caferoi of both ostriches be classified immediately due to the limited known area of ​​occurrence and the potential for anthropogenic damage to their habitat. We also believe that this species is an immediate protection under CITES. Idea. It has a surprising presence and high probability of exploitation in the pet trade, “he concludes.

A 99 million-year-old snake offspring was found in Burmese amber: Myanmar’s Cretaceous amber (also known as Burma) has been found to conserve fossil remains of a breeding embryonic snake.

Xiaophis myanmarensis now lived in a forest environment in Myanmar. The alleged newly obtained specimen was obtained from an amber deposit in the Aungbamo region of Kachin province in Myanmar.

The fossil is a vertebrate skeleton composed of 97 vertebrae 1.6 inches (4.75 cm) long; The snake lost its head. It comes from the late Cretaceous era, about 99 million years ago.

Professor Michael Caldwell of the University of Alberta said: “This snake, called Geophys myanmarensis, is associated with ancient snakes in Argentina, Africa, India and Australia.” It is an important and hitherto lost component of understanding the evolution of snakes from the southern continents of Gondwana in the Middle Mesozoic.

Photograph of a fragment of amber containing 3D reconstructions of Zybophis myanamensis and its skeleton. Dr. Alessandro’s policy told people associated with the University of Flinders and the Museum of Australia, Australia, that at the age of 99 million years, it goes back to the age of dinosaurs, snakes began to differentiate in Modern groups

This Asian fossil helps illustrate how primitive snakes spread from south to north. Although it is in the northern hemisphere, it is similar to the South American snakes of the time. The piece of amber in which Xiaophis myanamensis was found also provided important clues about its surroundings and it is clear that this little snake lived in a forest environment with many insects and plants, since they are preserved in the clast, “said Professor Caldwell.

Not only do we have the first baby snake, we have the first definitive evidence of a fossilized snake that lives in the forest. Jing et al studied a second specimen with what appears to be a piece of skin separated by a large snake. The degree of protection allowed the team to realize the snake’s pigmentation pattern.

This image by Ryan McKellar, Royal Saskatchewan Museum. Jing et al studied a second specimen with what appears to be a piece of skin separated by a large snake. The degree of protection allowed the team to realize the snake’s pigmentation pattern. Image credit: Ryan McKellar, Royal Saskatchewan Museum.

About 150 million years ago (it was late Jurassic), Myanmar joined Australia, Antarctica, Africa and South America, the supercontinent Gondwana. Through continental drift, Myanmar finally separated from Gondwana and began to flow north until it reached Asia. Giaophis myanmarensis was part of this landslide that transported all kinds of plants and animals from Gondwan to Asia as a large passenger ship, said Professor Michael Lee of the University of Flanders and the Museum of South Australia.

“In fact, although this snake was found in the northern hemisphere, it looks like Gondwan snakes.”

Clear images of potential snake skin: (a) general view of the entire specimen; Scale bar – 5 mm; (B) showing rows of convergent scale (upper center) near the left side of the sample; Scale bar – 1 mm; (C) the right front region of the sample; Scale bar – 1 mm. Image credit: Xing et al, doi: 10.1126 / Sciadv.aat5042.

Together with Xiaophis myanmaensis, the team found and studied another piece of amber, which appears to be a piece of skin isolated from a very large snake.

Snake scales are diamond or oval shaped, with deep lines between each part of the skin. The scientists said some lines are seen in extinct snakes. You may not notice enlarged abdominal scales. The light and dark areas distributed on the skin of the shed reveal color patterns. The degree of conservation allowed researchers to create pigmentation patterns of the animal in life.

The research is published in Science Advances.

Burmese amber preserves 99 million years old tropical frogs

In an article published this week in Scientific Reports, paleontologists have described an extinct genus and a frog species, Electoramana limoae, preserved in Cretaceous amber (99 million years old) in central Myanmar. About 99 million years ago, a small juvenile frog in Myanmar was suddenly trapped in a groove with a beetle, perhaps its next meal.

This image from the University of Florida, Gainesville, about 99 million years ago, today in Myanmar, a small juvenile frog was suddenly caught in a candle with a beetle, probably his next meal. Image credit: University of Florida, Gainesville. In 2015, four specimens of Electra protected with amber were acquired in the Angbamo region, Kachin province, in northern Myanmar.

They provide early direct evidence of frogs that live in humid tropical forest ecosystems and are the oldest known examples of amber-protected frogs, with only two previous reports of cenozoic amber deposits in the Dominican Republic. Obtaining fossil frogs from this period is almost unknown, which is small, retains small bones and is predominantly 3D. This is very special, Dr. Associate Curator of Herpetology at the Natural History Museum, Florida. David Blackburn said.

But a reference to the most exciting of this animal. These frogs were part of a tropical ecosystem, which may not differ in any way to date. Photographs of four fossil frog specimens referred to Electorlana, including holotype (A) and three additional specimens (BD), (B) and (D), specimens presented with two views of Amber and D (D) Indicates the presence of frogs Scale bar – 5 mm.

Electrotana limoea is a very small frog, which measures approximately 0.8 inches (2.2 cm) long at the mouth of the vent. Amber has a clearly visible frog skull, its anterior part, a part of the spinal cord, a partial posterior limb and an unknown spot. Dr. Blackburn said that Electoral raises more questions than he answers. Heratologists of various characteristics use descriptions of a frog’s life history and determine if other related frogs are missing or if they are not fully developed in the juvenile frog.

Existing bones provide clues about possible living relatives of electronic cards, but the results are surprising: species that have similar characteristics, including vocations and midwives, Eurasian species that live in temperate regions, ecosystems, not tropics. The researchers said: Electora’s discovery helps increase our understanding of frogs in the Cretaceous period, demonstrating that they have been inhabited in humid tropical forests for at least 99 million years.

8,000-year-old female statue in Cataloyuk: archaeologists have discovered an ancient female statue, approximately 8,000 years old, that was excavated at the Neolithic site of Catalohuk in the center of Anatolia, Turkey. An 8,000-year-old female statue of Cataloyuk, Central Anatolia, Turkey. Image of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Turkey.

The ancient statue is 6.7 inches (17 cm) long and weighs 2.2 pounds (1 kg), and was carved with marble stone. The statue was unearthed earlier this year by an international team led by the Stanford University archaeologist, Professor Ian Hodder.

According to a statement from the Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism, the article worth mentioning is considered “unique for its impeccable appearance and exquisite craftsmanship.”

Archaeologists said the statue was possibly used in rituals. The Cytetalhoides site where the statue was found is one of the largest and best preserved Neolithic sites in the world. It is located about 90 kilometers from Mount Hassan, about 90 kilometers from the modern Turkish city of Konya.

The settlement was established around 7500 BC and was inhabited for more than two centuries. The site was discovered by British archaeologist James Mellaart in the early 1960s.

Excavations on this site led to the construction of many ancient artifacts and structures, including the 10-foot-wide wall of the city and two peaks, sometimes known as the oldest maps in the world.

According to the research, humans interfere with four species of extinct hominids: while modern Homo sapiens was displaced from Africa and the rest of the world, they found and interfered with at least four different hominid species, the University of Adelaide, According to a new Australian research. . Surprisingly, of these hominids, only Neanderthals and Denisovans are currently known; Other names have been discontinued and found only as traces of DNA that survive in several modern populations.

Reconstruction of Homo florescensis, a species of extinct hominids that lived 74,000 and 18,000 years ago at the bottom of the Indonesian island.

Each of us takes us to the genetic traces of the events of these previous mixtures, DRS. João Teixeira is co-author of an article published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. These archaic groups were very broad and genetically diverse, and survive in each of us. Your story is an integral part of how we are formed.

“For example, all existing populations represent approximately 2% of Neanderthal ancestry, which means that Neanderthal’s mixing with the ancestors of modern humans occurred shortly after leaving Africa, probably 50,000 to 55,000 years ago from some place in the Middle East. “

But as the ancestors of modern humans traveled further, they found themselves in the East and mixed with at least four other groups of archaic humans. Dr. Teixeira declared that the island of Southeast Asia was already a congested place, what we call modern humans, who arrived in the region 50,000 years ago.

At least three other archaic human groups have occupied the region, and the ancestors of modern humans were assimilated before the extinction of archaic humans. In his new research, Drs. Teixeira and his colleague, Professor Alan Cooper, analyzed genetic, archaeological and fossil evidence, as well as additional information on reconstructed migration routes and records of fossil vegetation.

The scientists discovered that there was a mixed phenomenon among modern humans and a group around South Asia, which they called the extinct hominid 1 (E1).

Other Christian islands originated with Denisovans in Southeast Asia and the Philippines, and with another group, called extinct hominid 2 (EH2) in Floors, Indonesia. We knew that history outside Africa was not simple, but it seems to be more complex than we thought.

The island was clearly a region of Southeast Asia.

Arctic human species found in a cave of 14,000-year-old red bone antelopes: an archaic species of the Chinese genus Homo, which for a long time was believed extinct, possibly already 14,000 years ago, among the remains of a thigh bone. The people of Red Deer Cave of China.

Artists rebuilding Red Deer Cave. Peter Scouton image. A partial female, a 14,000-year-old bone, was found in 1989 in Maludong (Red Deer Cave), Yunnan, southwest China, which contains fossilized remains of mysterious dark-skinned people.

According to a study published in the journal PLoS ONE, the early erectile bone and the H. Hillis bone looks like a woman. Like the primitive Homo habilis species, Maludong’s thigh bone is very small, co-author, professor of the Yunnan Institute of Cultural Relics and Archeology in China.

The axis is narrow, the outer layer (or crust) of the axis is very thin; The shaft walls are reinforced (or with buttocks) in areas of high stress; The neck of the femur is long; And for the primary flexor muscle of the hip (lower trochanter), the muscular insertion is very large and strongly forward. With an estimated body mass of approximately 50 kg, the Maldong person was much smaller according to the Premier and Ice Age human standards.

There is a possibility that clues about the dominant species with modern humans are found in continental Asia in advance, but the University of New South Wales Dr. Darren Cornow said the case should be made slowly with more bone discoveries. Main co-author of the study.

The scientists said their discovery is controversial because until now, it was thought that the most important younger humans in continental Eurasia (Neanderthals and Denisovans) died anatomically shortly after the modern monkey, 40,000 years ago. Sapiens entered the region. When the same team announced the discovery of the remains of the people of Red Deer Cave in 2012, it divided the scientific community.

At that time, the scientists speculated that the bones may represent a new unknown species, or perhaps a very early and primitive-looking population of modern humans, who inhabited the region more than 100,000 years ago. We first published our findings about the bones of the skull because we thought they would be the most revealing, but we were surprised by our study of the thigh bone, which showed that it is much more primitive than the skull. He said

The era of human development describes where Maludong’s femur probably fits. The new discovery once again points to at least a few Maludong bones that represent a mysterious native species. The team suggested in another recent PLoS ONE article that the skull of Longlin Cave in China is possibly a hybrid between anatomically modern Homo sapiens and an unknown archaic group, possibly presented by Maludong to Femur. The researchers said that Maludong fossil is possibly a specimen of archaic populations that lived in a biologically complex area of ​​southwest China until about 14,000 years ago.

“Professor Ji said:” The unique climate and climate of southwest China due to the height of the Tibetan plateau has possibly provided a refuge for human diversity.

  • New species of winged dinosaurs have been identified in China: paleontologists in China have identified a new species of Dromasore microprotein, which belongs to the famous Velociraptor dinosaur.

    An artist’s interpretation may be similar to that of Vulong Bohanis. Honestly Image: Eric Toussaint .. The newly discovered dinosaurs lived about 120 million years ago during the Cretaceous period. Called Woolong Bohensis, this species was larger than a common raven but smaller than a raven.

    It had a narrow face full of sharp teeth and a long, bony tail that was twice its length. The Wulong Bohnes were covered with feathers, including a feather figure on their arms and legs and two long plums at the end of the tail. The dinosaur is one of the oldest relatives of Velociraptor, the famous dromaeosaurid theropod that lived about 75 million years ago.

    Postdoctoral researcher at the Natural History Museum of San Diego, d. R. Ashley Pavt said: “The new dinosaur fits with an incredible winged radiation, which is related to the origin of the birds.”

    “Studying such specimens not only shows us the sometimes surprising paths that ancient life has taken, but also allows us to demonstrate that the bird is important, even flying in the distant past. How important are the characteristics?”

    Dr. Pomp said: it has wings on its limbs and tail that we associate with adult birds, but it has other characteristics that we think are juvenile. Dr. Pavte and his colleagues analyzed the bones of the dinosaurs and discovered that this person was a minor. This means that at least some dinosaurs were getting very beautiful wings before growing up, “he said.

    Birds grow very fast and often recover their adult feathers until they fully recover. The striking feathers, especially those used for mating, are particularly delayed. There was an immature dinosaur here with two long wings that extended more than the tip.

    An article about the discovery of Wulong bohaiensis was published in The Anatomical Record.

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  • New species of titty monkey discovered in Brazil: an international team of researchers has discovered a new species of Titti monkey that lives in the jungles of Brazil. Perseus titis (Pelturus percis) in the forest reserve of the UHE Rondon II hydroelectric power station, Pensta Bueno, Rondônia, Brazil.

    Titi monkeys are one of the most diverse groups of nepotropical primates, with more than 30 species currently recognized. These monkeys that live in trees are small, with a length of 23 to 46 centimeters (9-18 inches). They have long and soft fur and a striking coloration.

    Titi monkeys live in small family groups, which consist of a monogamous couple and their offspring. They mainly eat fruits, prefer dense forests near the water and easily jump off the branch, earning their German names, jumping monkeys.

    Paracis titi (Pelturbus percis), UAH Rondan II Hydroelectric Power Plant, in the Forest Reserve of the Municipality of Pensta Bueno, Rondônia, Brazil. The new species is that of Gintiltrosub, a small monkey of the Amitian group.

    It is composed of Universo Esto di Mato Grosso and the Institute of Professional Eduacao and his colleagues D.R. Almario Camara Gassamo was discovered and called Peresi Titi (Porusbus Paris). Scientists said it can be distinguished from other species of this brown pineapple by brown.

    The organs are brown on the outer surface and white on the inner surface. The breasts, larynx and sideburns are also white. The back has a red chestnut, and the tail is gray, white at the tip. An artistic impression of Paresi Titi (Palaecebus hypothesis). Parsi teti occurs in many areas of the Brazilian states of Mato Grosso and Rondônia.

    “Most of the registered areas coincide with the Amazon rainforest and high altitude areas in the transition zone between southern Rondania and Cerrado Sadona, including Chapada dos Paris (part of the Peruvian plateau) and Aruna. This researcher stated: “Jurena and Aripuna / Roosevelt interfere.”

    An exception is the Jurena National Park Registry, which is located in a relatively low elevation zone. The new species class is located in the deforestation area of ​​the Amazon Arc, where large areas of forest are being destroyed for timber, colonization and industrial agriculture, he says. Based on the categories and criteria of the IUCN Red List, this new titi should be considered a close threat.

    Dr. Gusmo and his co-authors published an article describing the new species in the 2020 edition of Primate Conservation.

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  • The most beautiful but highly poisonous snake species was discovered in Honduras

    Dr. from the University of Florida in Gainesville. A team of biologists led by James Austin described a new species of palm green pitwiper from a threatened cloud forest reserve in northern Honduras. Honduras (Josiah H. Townsend) The newly discovered magazine Pamero Bothrichs gifroi, the new species, published in the open access magazine Zuchez, was the name of Bothrix gurai in honor of Don Gifaro, the Honduran environmental leader of Onancho.

    Don Guifaro was a former hunter and a goldmine, who became an outdoor conservationist when he destroyed the great rainforest of eastern Honduras and became cattle. After years of threats and numerous attempts in his life, Don Guifaro was ambushed and killed on September 15, 2007, while Tawaka was on a mission to destroy a biosphere reserve for the Indians.

    Both gaffroys, hitchhikers, were previously confused with other Honduran palm predators due to similarities in color patterns and scale. The genetic analysis showed that the closest relatives of the new species are actually more than 600 km south in the mountains of Costa Rica. The team discovered one of the richest, most prosperous and richest forests in Mesoamerica during both expeditions in 2010, with the goal of studying wildlife at the Texas Wildlife Refuge.

    This beautiful snake represents the fifteenth endemic species that occurs in the region. The Texas Wildlife Refuge was created in 1987 to protect the populations of the famous but elusive Jaguars and Tapirs of Central America, as well as Hitler and white-faced lazy monkeys and a variety of amphibians, reptiles and wild plants. It was done There are important implications for the Central American biography of citrus guifaroi, as well as for its conservation, ”said the first author, Dr. from Josiah Town, Pennsylvania. Josiah Townsend

    “We recommend that the cafferoi of both ostriches be classified immediately due to the limited known area of ​​occurrence and the potential for anthropogenic damage to their habitat. We also believe that this species is an immediate protection under CITES. Idea. Surprising presence and high potential for exploitation in the pet trade, ”he concludes.

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  • A 99 million-year-old snake calf was found in Burmese amber: Myanmar’s Cretaceous amber (also known as Burma) has been found to preserve the fossilized remains of an embryonic snake in reproduction.

    Xiaophis myanmarensis now lived in a forest environment in Myanmar. The alleged newly obtained specimen was obtained from an amber deposit in the Aungbamo region of Kachin province in Myanmar. The fossil is a vertebrate skeleton that is 97 vertices 1.6 inches (4.75 cm) long; The snake lost its head. It comes from the late Cretaceous era, about 99 million years ago.

    Professor Michael Caldwell of the University of Alberta said: “This snake, called Geophys myanmarensis, is associated with ancient snakes in Argentina, Africa, India and Australia.” It is an important and important component to understand the evolution of snakes from the southern continents of Gondwana in the central Mesozoic.

    Photograph of a piece of amber containing 3D reconstructions of Zebophis myanemesis and its skeleton. Dr. Alessandro’s policy told people associated with the University of Flinders and the Museum of Australia, Australia, that at the age of 99 million goes back to the age of dinosaurs, snakes begin to differentiate into modern groups.

    This Asian fossil helps explain how primitive snakes spread from south to north. Although it is in the northern hemisphere, it is similar to the South American snakes of the time. The piece of amber in which Xiaophis myanamensis was found also provided important clues about its surroundings and it is clear that this little snake lived in a jungle environment with many insects and plants, since they are preserved in clasts, “said Professor Caldwell.

    Not only do we have the first baby snake, we have the first definitive evidence of a fossilized snake that lives in the forest. Jing et al studied a second specimen with what appears to be a piece of skin separated by a large snake. The degree of protection allowed the team to notice the snake’s pigmentation pattern.

    This image by Ryan McKellar, Royal Saskatchewan Museum. Jing et al studied a second specimen with what appears to be a piece of skin separated by a large snake. The degree of protection allowed the team to notice the snake’s pigmentation pattern. Image credit: Ryan McKellar, Royal Saskatchewan Museum.

    About 150 million years ago (it was the late Jurassic), Myanmar joined Australia, Antarctica, Africa and South America, the supercontinent Gondwana. Through continental drift, Myanmar finally separated from Gondwana and continued to flow north until it reached Asia. Giaophis myanmarensis was part of the landslide that transported all kinds of plants and animals from Gondwan to Asia as a large passenger ship, said Professor Michael Lee of the University of Flanders and the Museum of South Australia.

    “In fact, although this snake was found in the northern hemisphere, it looks like Gondwan snakes.”

    Together with Xiaophis myanmaensis, the team found and studied another piece of amber, which appears to be a piece of skin isolated from a very large snake.

    Snake scales are diamond or oval shaped, with deep lines between each part of the skin. The scientists said some lines are seen in extinct snakes. You may not notice enlarged abdominal scales. The light and dark areas distributed on the skin of the shed reveal a color pattern. The degree of conservation allowed researchers to create pigmentation patterns of the animal in life.

    The research is published in Science Advances.

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  • Burmese amber preserves 99 million years old tropical frogs: in an article published this week in Scientific Reports, paleontologists describe an extinct genus and a frog species, Electoramana limoae, which is known as Cretaceous amber (99 million) in the center from Myanmar. Year old). About 99 million years ago, a small juvenile frog in Myanmar was suddenly caught in a groove with a beetle, perhaps its next meal.

    This image from the University of Florida, Gainesville, about 99 million years ago, today in Myanmar, a small juvenile frog was suddenly caught in a candle with a beetle, perhaps its next meal. Image credit: University of Florida, Gainesville. In 2015, four specimens of Electra protected with amber were acquired in the Angbo region, Kachin province, in northern Myanmar.

    They provide early direct evidence of frogs that live in humid tropical forest ecosystems and are the oldest known examples of amber-protected frogs, with only two previous reports of cenozoic amber deposits in the Dominican Republic. Obtaining fossil frogs from this period is almost unknown, which is small, retains small bones and is predominantly 3D. It’s very special, Dr. of Heretology at the Museum of Natural History, Florida. Associate Curator David Blackburn said.

    Electrotana limoa is a very small frog, which measures approximately 0.8 inches (2.2 cm) long at the mouth of the vent. A frog skull clearly visible in amber is its anterior part, a part of the spine, a partial posterior limb and an unknown location. Dr. Blackburn said that Electoral raises more questions than he answers. Heratologists of various characteristics use descriptions of a frog’s life history and determine if other related frogs are missing or if they are not fully developed in juvenile frogs.

    Existing bones provide clues about possible living relatives of electronic cards, but the results are surprising: species that have similar characteristics, such as vowels and midwives, Eurasia species that live in temperate regions, ecosystems, not in the tropics. . The researchers said: The discovery of Electra helps increase our understanding of frogs in the Cretaceous period, indicating that they have been inhabited in humid tropical forests for at least 99 million years.

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  • 8,000-year-old female statue in Cataloyuk: archaeologists have discovered an ancient female statue about 8,000 years old, which was excavated at the Neolithic site of Catalohuk in the center of Anatolia, Turkey. An 8,000-year-old female statue of Cataloyuk, Central Anatolia, Turkey. Image of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Turkey.

    The ancient statue is 6.7 inches (17 cm) long and weighs 2.2 pounds (1 kg), and was carved with marble stone. The statue was unearthed earlier this year by an international team led by the Stanford University archaeologist, Professor Ian Hodder. According to a statement from the Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism, the article worth mentioning is considered “unique for its impeccable appearance and exquisite workmanship.”

    Archaeologists said the statue was possibly used in rituals. The Cytetalhoides site where the statue was found is one of the largest and best preserved Neolithic sites in the world. It is located about 90 kilometers from Mount Hassan, about 90 kilometers from the modern Turkish city of Konya. The settlement was established around 7500 BC and was inhabited for more than two centuries. The site was discovered by British archaeologist James Mellaart in the early 1960s.

    Excavations at the site led to the construction of many ancient artifacts and structures, including the 10-foot-wide wall of the city and two towers, sometimes known as the oldest maps in the world.

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  • According to the research, humans interfere with four species of extinct hominids: while modern Homo sapiens was displaced from Africa and the rest of the world, they found and interfered with at least four different hominid species, according to a new University of Adelaide. Australian research

    Surprisingly, of these hominids, only Neanderthals and Denisovans are currently known; Other names have been discontinued and found only as traces of DNA that survive in many modern populations. Reconstruction of Homo florescensis, a species of extinct hominids that lived 74,000 and 18,000 years ago at the bottom of the Indonesian island.

    Each of us takes us to the genetic traces of the events of these previous mixtures, DRS. João Teixeira is co-author of an article published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. These archaic groups were very broad and genetically diverse, and survive in each of us. Your story is an integral part of how we are formed.

    “For example, all existing populations represent about 2% of Neanderthal ancestry, which means that Neanderthal’s mixing with the ancestors of modern humans occurred shortly after leaving Africa, perhaps between 50,000 and 55,000 years from somewhere in The middle east”. First “.

    But as the ancestors of modern humans traveled further, they found themselves in the East and mixed with at least four other groups of archaic humans. Dr. Teixeira declared that the island of Southeast Asia was already a congested place, what we call modern humans, who arrived in the region 50,000 years ago.

    At least three other archaic human groups have occupied the region, and the ancestors of modern humans were assimilated before the extinction of archaic humans. In his new research, Drs. Teixeira and his colleague, Professor Alan Cooper, analyzed genetic, archaeological and fossil evidence, as well as additional information on reconstruction migration routes and fossil vegetation records.

    The scientists discovered that there was a mixed phenomenon among modern humans and a group around South Asia, which they called the extinct hominid 1 (E1). Other Christian islands originated with Denisovans in Southeast Asia and the Philippines, and with another group, called extinct hominid 2 (EH2) in Floors, Indonesia. We knew that history outside Africa was not simple, but it seems to be more complex than we thought.

    The island was clearly a region of Southeast Asia.

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  • Arctic human species were found in a cave of 14,000-year-old red bone antelopes: an archaic species of the Chinese genus Homo, which was believed to be extinct for a long time, possibly between remains of thigh bone, 14,000 years ago. The people of Red Deer Cave of China.

    Artists rebuilding Red Deer Cave. Peter Scouton image. A partial woman, a 14,000-year-old bone, was found in 1989 in Maludong (Red Deer Cave), Yunnan, southwest China, which contains fossilized remains of mysterious dark-skinned people. According to a study published in the journal PLoS ONE, early erectile bone and H. Hillis bone resembles that of a woman. Like the primitive Homo habilis species, Maludong’s thigh bone is very small, co-author, professor of the Yunnan Institute of Cultural Relics and Archeology in China.

    The axis is narrow, the outer layer (or crust) of the axis is very thin; The shaft walls are reinforced (or with buttocks) in areas of high stress; The neck of the femur is long; And for the lower flexor muscle of the hip (lower trochanter), the muscular insertion is much larger and strongly forward.

    With an estimated body mass of around 50 kg, the Maldong person was very small according to the human standards Premier and Ice Age. There is a possibility that the clues about the dominant species with modern humans are already in mainland Asia, but Dr. of the University of New South Wales. Darren Cornow said this case should be done gradually with more bone discoveries. The main co-authors of the study.

    The scientists said their discovery is controversial because until now, it was thought that the most important small humans in continental Eurasia (Neanderthals and Denisovans) had physically died shortly after the modern monkey 40,000 years ago.

    Sapiens entered the region. When the same team announced the discovery of the remains of the people of Red Deer Cave in 2012, it divided the scientific community. At that time, the scientists speculated that the bones may represent a new unknown species, or perhaps a very early and primitive-looking population of modern humans, who inhabited the region 100,000 years ago. We first published our findings about the bones of the skull because we thought they would be the most revealing, but we were surprised by our study of the thigh bone, which showed that it is much more primitive than the skull. He said

    The era of human development describes where Maludong’s femur probably fits. The new discovery once again points to at least some Maludong bones that represent a mysterious native species. The team suggested in another recent PLoS ONE article that the skull of Longlin Cave in China is possibly a hybrid between anatomically modern Homo sapiens and an unknown archaic group, possibly presented by Maludong to Femur.

    The researchers said that Maludong fossil is possibly a specimen of archaic populations that lived in a biologically complex area of ​​southwest China until about 14,000 years ago. Professor Ji said: Due to the height of the Tibetan plateau, the unique climate and the climate of southwest China have probably provided a refuge for human diversity.

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