What is NASA?
The NASA logo is displayed outside the Vehicle Assembly Building at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, where the spacecraft is ready for launch.
This article is part of NASA Nose! (Grades 5-8) series.
NASA means National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA is an agency of the United States government responsible for science and technology related to air and space. The space age began in 1957 with the launch of the Soviet satellite Sputnik.
NASA opened its doors on October 1, 1958. The agency was created to oversee space exploration and aeronautical research in the United States.
The administrator is in charge of NASA. The administrator of NASA is nominated by the President and confirmed by a vote in the Senate.
NASA astronaut Christina Koch is represented during a spacewalk.
What does NASA do?
Many people know something about the work of NASA. But most have no idea how different the agency works. Astronauts do scientific research in orbit. Satellites help scientists learn more about Earth. Space probes study the solar system and beyond. New developments improve air travel and other aspects of flight. NASA is also launching a new program to send humans to explore the Moon and Mars. In addition to those main missions, NASA does many other things. The agency shares what it learns so that your information can improve for people around the world. For example, companies can use NASA’s discoveries to create new derivative products.
NASA helps teachers prepare students who will be engineers, scientists, astronauts and other future NASA activists. They will be adventurers who will continue to explore the solar system and the universe. NASA has a tradition of investing in programs and activities that inspire students, teachers, families and communities in the excitement and discovery of exploration. NASA offers training to help teachers learn new ways to teach science, technology, engineering and mathematics. The agency also involves students in NASA’s mission to encourage them to learn.
Competitions and things to do with NASA
USA map UU. With characteristics indicated by NASA centers and stars
With NASA headquarters in Washington, DC, there are 10 NASA centers and seven testing and research facilities throughout the United States.
Who works for NASA?
NASA is based in Washington, DC. The agency has nine centers, a jet propulsion laboratory and seven test and research facilities located in several states across the country. More than 17,000 people work for NASA. Many more work as government contractors with the agency. These people are hired by companies that NASA pays to work. The combined workforce represents a wide variety of jobs. Astronauts may be NASA’s best known employees, but they only represent the total workforce. Many NASA activists are scientists and engineers. But there are many other jobs, from secretaries to writers, from lawyers to teachers.
NASA Center and Facilities
Career corner for students
The Apollo 11 mission marked the first time humans walked on the moon.
What has NASA done?
When NASA started, a manned spacecraft program began. The Mercury, Gemini and Apollo programs helped NASA learn to fly in space and resulted in the first human landing on the Moon in 1969. Currently, NASA has astronauts living and working on the International Space Station.
NASA’s Robot Space Probe has visited all the planets of the solar system and many other celestial bodies. Telescopes have allowed scientists to see the confines of space. Satellites have revealed a large amount of data on Earth, resulting in a better understanding of valuable information, such as weather patterns.
NASA has helped develop and test a variety of state-of-the-art aircraft. These aircraft include aircraft that set new records. Among other benefits, these tests have helped engineers improve air transport. NASA technology has contributed to many articles used in everyday life, from smokers to medical exams.
In 2020, NASA celebrated its 60th anniversary.
Words to know
Spinoff: a technology or product that was originally developed for a space program. For example, the first smoke detector was built by a company for NASA to use at the first American Skylab space station. Now the smoke detector for the home is a derivative product.
What is NASA?
NASA astronaut Christina Koch is represented during a spacewalk.
NASA tested two SR-71 planes. They are still the fastest and most flying plane in the world. This article is part of the NASA Nose series (Grade K-4).
Aerial view of NASA’s Kennedy Space Center
NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, launches spacecraft around and beyond Earth. Each NASA center works in different parts of NASA’s missions. NASA means National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA was launched on October 1, 1958 as part of the United States government. NASA is in charge of American science and technology that has to do with airplanes or space.
What does NASA do?
NASA does many different things. NASA makes satellites. Satellites help to learn more about the Earth. NASA sends a probe into space. NASA scientists study things in the solar system and even far away. A new program will send humans to explore the moon and, someday, Mars. NASA also shared what they learned with others. Those who don’t work at NASA can use NASA’s ideas to make new inventions. These new inventions can help improve life on Earth.
Do you like to learn science, math and new things? Do you want to be an adventurer? Would you like to plan future missions to other planets and outer space? The people of NASA work hard to share news about NASA’s missions with teachers. Then, teachers can use NASA’s lessons to teach their students about science, technology, engineering and math.
Where is NASA?
NASA is based in Washington, DC. There are 10 NASA centers in the United States. There are also seven small NASA work sites where they test and study Earth and space. Thousands of people work for NASA! Being an astronaut is probably the most famous job at NASA, but astronauts represent only a small part of the workforce. Many engineers and scientists work at NASA. People are also doing other tasks, such as secretaries, writers, lawyers and teachers.
Astronaut Ed White was the first American to walk in space.
What has NASA done?
Since its inception, NASA began planning manned spacecraft. The Mercury, Gemini and Apollo programs helped NASA learn to fly in space. He made his first human landing on the moon in 1969. NASA astronauts have to live and work on the International Space Station. Space probes have visited all the planets of the solar system. Scientists have looked into space using telescopes. NASA satellites help people understand the weather patterns on Earth. NASA also helps in the development and testing of new aircraft. Some planes set new records. NASA works to make air travel faster and safer. In 2020, NASA turns 60!
Would you like to become an explorer? Would you like to help other planets and outer space for future missions? Then maybe you should work for NASA. NASA is an acquaintance. An abbreviation is a word formed from the first letters of other words. POT. Stands for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA is in charge of space exploration.
This American agency began in 1958. At that time, the United States and the Soviet Union were in a space race. Each country wanted to be the first to explore space and place a man on the moon. The Soviet Union won a victory on September 13, 1959. Its Moon 2 was the first man-made object to land on the moon. NASA won the final victory on July 20, 1969, when Apollo 11 astronauts were the first people to walk on the moon.
What is NASA for?
Why are you interested in space? And I don’t mean just space, which means stars, planets, solar system … whatever is “outside.” I know you are interested because everyone is. We all have different reasons, but honestly, who cares who they really are? The fact that almost everyone is interested in space is, in itself, interesting. You cannot say the same for many, if not all, most other subjects.
If I asked the following question: “Why are you interested in pandas?” Or “Why are you interested in interiors?” Doubtful Sure, those topics may be interesting, but most people will probably need persuasion or some additional information first. And what is surprising for space, nobody needs it. I can ask you why you are interested in space without having to tell any other details because I already know you are interested. No need So, what is another interesting question? Maybe, “Why are so many people interested in space?” The answer implies a completely different question … but I’ll come back to that later.
The space shuttle spins in orbit from the launch pad 39A of the Endeavor Kennedy Space Center when the vehicle departs on its STS-134 mission of the 25th and last space flight. The takeoff was on May 16, 2011 at 12:56 UTC.
In search of a discovery
When I read or listen to people at NASA because of their lack of vision, or very badly, I demand that the agency justify their existence, I will be honest with you, there is a part of me that agrees with them. Every major government agency should make it clear to the public what it does for them, and for those who speak or write publicly, this message may not be received or that not everything was communicated. And what about a vision for the future? Well, a part of me says yes, yes, why NASA has not had great vision, oh, I don’t know, sending humans back to the moon, then to a terrestrial asteroid, finally in preparation for a long time in Mars.
Well, apparently this is NASA’s plan (see NASA’s contribution to the Global Exploration Roadmap report published in 2013), but I think nobody knows. In any case, the reality is that NASA’s great vision is not for NASA at all. East Washington D.C. And it depends especially on those who set the budget of NASA. In the 1960s, the Chief of the Executive Branch of the United States said that we are going to put humans on the moon and behold. This happened because it became a national priority, but it was not the only reason. NASA received 5% of the federal budget during parts of the Apollo program (and, as a reference, has been obtaining around 0.5% or less for the past 5 to 10 years). And then we went to the moon, and it was tremendous, but abruptly … we stopped going. Even if we eject it and land humans on the moon, it might actually be more interesting to consider why we stay.
From the 1950s until the early 1970s we entered the space age: we literally went from zero satellites in Earth orbit to hundreds. We become experts in building rockets, launching them successfully, building satellites, communicating with them, processing and understanding your data. In those early days we saw NASA and other government agencies launch and operate satellites in orbit using this new technology. Finally, in the late 1960s, even some private institutions became fun.
And in the early 1970s, NASA was approaching a point where they could send humans to the moon with some regularity. If we had been able to send NASA administrators to the moon at that time, they would have looked at the lunar landscape with rovers, landings and geophysical monitoring stations and would be surprised to see what their agency and their government had done.
But if I had looked at Earth through a telescope, I would have seen only a handful of commercial satellites in orbit, a satellite industry that still needed government help to get out of the earth, and (if so, Things can be seen ) There is no clear path to a thriving industry in space. The vision of the future of humanity in space required help. There was no clear path for non-governmental financing of space exploration that would eventually allow private industry to follow NASA’s footsteps on the moon, at least not soon. And it really gets to the heart of the matter.
In search of an analogy
The United States government has been in the business of financing an “exploration mission” for the development of seeds from a previous development. Among other things, the family, Lewis and Clarke, was hired to explore the American West in search of the railroad route. The idea was to make maps, find adequate land to establish and find routes to get there, so that the railroads could be used for just people, goods and services, which eventually led to new businesses (or completely new Industries).
Then there was a deserted area. The railroads were to be owned and operated by private corporations, all ready to make big profits. But the goal of government participation was mainly to explore, do the risky front-end work that was needed to pave the way for a profitable and successful industry. But to say that the best analogy would be misleading. As soon as Lewis and Clark saw a tree, and of course they saw many, it was possible to see dollar signs. The same is true for rivers, farmland, buffalo, mountains, caves.
We, as humans, know how to turn these things into dollars. It is easy to observe resources like these on Earth and discover how to reap life and sell its value to other humans. In fact, making money with him, however, is not always easy if it is the difficult part and even on earth. In that sense, this analogy crumbles because when Lewis and Clark found those things, and they did it abundantly, it became clear that money could be made, railroads could be built, industries established, it can be forward and upward. But when we look up, say, the moon or an asteroid, there isn’t much in our human brain that screams … gold mine! In fact, this study of planetary science, the Apollo program and meteorites actually tell us what we are seeing. And it originates in all sciences, in regards to resources. The answer is a bit confusing.
The most promising elements seem to be hydrogen and platinum grouping elements (PGE), but if I had to take a rock. The surface of the random asteroid is unclear how much hydrogen or PGE it will collect. This does not mean that there is no gold mine in the asteroid belt, it certainly is, but let’s find it first, nuggets by nuggets. On the Moon, a large amount of data that they tell us is hydrogen, a large amount in a permanently shaded crater and, in addition, small quantities, united within the lunar soil itself. Therefore, it may be that the original commercial of the American commercial airline industry in the early twentieth century has a reasonable resemblance to the original government. We knew how to fly, but the details of where to go and what to do required some development. That may not be just a complete analogy, but that’s fine, we are opening new paths.
Apollo 14: Alan Sheppard reviews a bowler
Astronaut Alan B. Shepard Jr., commander of Apollo 14, stands near a large rock on the lunar surface during the second paranormal activity of the mission on February 6, 1971. Notice the dust protruding from Shepard’s space suit. The Apollo 14 mission visited the Phra Mauro Formation, which was considered expelled from the embryo effect.
In search of new frontiers
Science tells us that we have to be smart where we are going in search of resources. And laying the groundwork for this approach is at least one company, Planetary Resources, that seeks to look for asteroids in the skies using a series of telescopes launched into the low Earth orbit. However, is it a corporate job? Experience tells us that, at least when a market is predefined, the answer is yes, because oil prospecting is the job of the oil industry. And, of course, we can imagine a future in which “Space Lewis and Clark” has found a Goldmine asteroid rich in elements of the plantainium group (PGE) and planetary resources that have been installed there. And in a world like this it is easy to imagine that Planetary Resource makes short jumps, jumps and jumps because of the possibility of nearby treasures, but not yet the world we live in.
We live in a world where the PGE market is quite well established. But where it is very rare to take the scoop of a specimen in another world and analyze its structure (we have done it only for 6 planetary bodies, using different techniques, none of which is specifically for the PGE It is not sensitive) Some technical steps are required based on it before it is appropriate to start a business. This will eventually be possible, but it will take time. So they plan to explore … what NASA’s work has traditionally been hopes that they can plant an industry. This is the new basis for which there can be no analogy. Planetary Resources is also a bit similar, not only in terms of what they plan to do, but also in terms of financing. They plan to discover it using a telescope, ARKYD, which they are wonderfully developing to fund massively using at least Kickstarter.
Again, this is the new terrain. Reasons where the financing of successful dreams can be made possible through the use of new crowdsourcing methods such as Kickstarter, but in general, the financing of railways, that is, rockets, comes from an evolving version of NASA. Major players such as SpaceX and Orbital are funded primarily by NASA’s Commercial Cargo and Crew Program, which accounts for more than half of NASA’s commercial budget for spaceflight and space technology for fiscal 2014. Much of the space budget NASA’s remaining commercial is for small satellite launches and technology development to ensure that the infrastructure is to create a profitable industry, so that all potential players and players provide their services reliably to build space hardware to make it work. And while NASA is doing everything they are still landing on Mars (Spirit, Opportunity, Curiosity, Mars-2020), the satellites will launch on Jupiter (June 2014) and Pluto (New Horizons 2015 Es) Saturn’s rings (Cassini ), and is thrown around the asteroid belt (Don is flying from Vesta to Ceres this year).
In search of everything
Then, NASA has a vision, they clean up maternity in the intermittent space and ensure that private industry has everything that is needed for the low Earth orbit. NASA returned from the moon and we decided that we should seek help there. Of course, it will take longer than we liked, and it is not so sexy to put a human on Mars until the end of the decade, but sit down, drink a second or two and start imagining the future Do it.
You can end up attacking . Virgin Galactic will make its first flight this year, where passengers will have about 6 minutes to experience weightlessness and look out the window of the entire Earth space plane. It will be broadcast internationally. He has also developed a less known spacecraft, called LauncherOne, which will soon be available to deploy satellites and experiments in low Earth orbit. SpaceX, as I am sure you already know, has had many successes and is rapidly emerging as a leader in providing reliable and low-cost launch systems in Earth’s orbit.
There are other players in this place, and some based on private investment, some from NASA. The landscape is changing rapidly, and we are seeing the beginning of a real industry. Smaller companies are emerging to meet the needs of larger players, and they are still working on long-term industrial goals by building other large-scale service satellites, robotic landings, telescopes and other exploration vehicles for prospecting. NASA’s objectives related to space marketing are clear: find and pave the way for industry and people. And you don’t even have to believe my word. Read it yourself in the National Aeronautics and Space Law, 51 U.S.C. § 20112 (a) (4), and National Space Policy (December 18, 2010), which states that NASA works with industry to advance in the commercial space sector:
National Aeronautics and Space Law
“Commercial use of space: Congress declares that the general welfare of the United States requires that the administration promote and encourage, to the greatest extent possible, the full commercial use of space.”
National space policy
“A strong and competitive commercial space sector is critical for continuous progress in space. The United States is committed to encouraging and facilitating the development of the US commercial space sector that supports US needs, is globally competitive and promotes American leadership in new markets and the generation of innovation-driven enterprises. .
The SpaceX Falcon 9 dragon and rocket capsule begins to emerge from the launch pad on May 22, 2012 at 3:44 a.m. EDT (7:44 UTC). The mission, COTS 2, marks the first attempt to dock a privately owned spacecraft with the International Space Station.
Why did you discover all this?
So let’s go back to the original question: Why are you interested in space? I said that you would definitely be interested regardless of your answer, and that was because you were answering a completely different question.
There is a simple and unifying thing that tells everyone that we are interested in space … and that the question is really: “Why are you interested in the unknown?”
The answer is simple. It’s because you’re human
NASA’s role is to help us understand the unknown, and I would say, helping to establish a commercial space industry, an industry that is making space a familiar part of our everyday world, doing just that. It has been We are witnessing the birth of a new space industry, which will cross the human space farm into the low Earth orbit and, finally, beyond. Slap, this is not a dream. You are actually living at the dawn of a new space age … maybe you call it the New Space Age? Let’s not forget that NASA has played an important role in mentioning this. And while NASA is busy sowing those seeds, it continues to do the things it has always done … get entangled in the corners, climb roads and explore unknown parts of our solar system. In the next few years we will see parts of Mars, Jupiter and even Pluto (we still love you Pluto) that we have never seen before.
We are exploring these worlds because we have no idea what is there.
Each image tells us something new and honestly, it doesn’t really matter what we analyze the electromagnetic spectrum, the oscillations of the magnetic fields or the specific organic molecules. We will learn something new and see something we have never seen before. Is it worth investing in it? Sure, maybe. But until then, NASA and all its partners in the International Space Agency are doing exactly that.
So what is NASA for? This is to answer questions about our solar system and our universe that we still don’t know the answers. And it is also to finance technologies, mission concepts and other enabling systems that eventually allow robots and humans to enter the solar system without the help of NASA. They are leading the way to the ends of our solar system, detailing our closest neighbors like Mars and the asteroid belt, and telling us what to expect when we get there.
And you want to know what’s there?
I know yes, because you are human.
What is NASA: NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) is an independent agency of the federal government of the United States responsible for the civil space program, as well as aeronautical and aerospace research. NASA was established in 1958, succeeding the National Aeronautics Advisory Committee. Since 1946, the National Aeronautics Advisory Committee (NACA) was experimenting with rockets such as the Supersonic Bell X-1. In the early 1950s, the challenge was to launch an artificial satellite for the International Geophysical Year (1957–58).
An effort for this was the American Project Vanguard. After the Soviet launch of the world’s first artificial satellite (Sputnik 1) on October 4, 1957, the United States turned its attention to its own spacecraft efforts. Concerned about the perceived threat of national security and technical leadership (known as the “Sputnik crisis”), the United States Congress urged immediate and rapid action; President Dwight D. Eisenhower and his advisors advised more deliberate measures. On January 12, 1958, NACA organized “a special committee on space technology,” chaired by Gifford Staver. On January 14, 1958, Hugh Dryden, director of NACA, published “A national research program for space technology.”
“It is of great urgency and importance for our country to consider our reputation as a military necessity, as well as to make this challenge [Sputnik] an energy research and development program for the conquest of space To be completed by …” Consequently, It is proposed that scientific research be the responsibility of a national civil agency … NACA Space Technology Our efforts to provide leadership in Giki are increasingly capable of extending and expanding. “
On 29,1958, Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Law, establishing NASA. When he began on October 1, 1958, he observed 43 years of Naka’s operation. It started with a staff of 8,000 and a budget of $ 100 million. With three large research laboratories: Langley Aeronautical Laboratory in Hampton, Virginia, United States. Ames Aeronautical Laboratory in Silicon Valley, California.
Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory in Brook Park and Cleveland.
President Eisenhower approved a NASA seal in 1959. A significant contribution to NASA’s entry into the space race with the Soviet Union was the technology of the German rocket program, led by Werner von Bronn, who now works for the Army Ballistic Missile Agency. (ABMA), which in turn incorporated the technology of previous works by the American scientist Robert Goddard. Several research efforts were also transferred to NASA within our Air Force and several initial ARPA space programs. In December 1958, NASA obtained control of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in a contractor facility operated by the California Institute of Technology.
Last year, NASA completed its 60th anniversary. In this period of 60 years, it has reached a great height, has landed humans on the moon, sent a series of satellites to explore the universe, the Hubble telescope was installed in space, the Weezer 1 us 1 Arriving at the km of Arabia , the Parker solar probe has completed its first revolution around our own star. Now we can say that our future is in the hands of NASA.