Archaeologists explore the 13,000-year-old engraved mammoth tusk in Siberia. There are four images of two camels carved from a partial tuft of a 13,000-year-old adult breast found in western Siberia. A 13,000-year-old engraved giant teasque of the River Tom in western Siberia.
The engraved tusk was found in 1988 in the lower Tom River in an area known as Parusinka. The artifact, which is approximately 70 cm (27.6 inches) long and 10 cm (3.9 inches) long, is a 35- to 40-year-old front piece measuring 1.5 m (59 inches) long . Old male giant.
Dr. from the Khakasian Research Institute of Language, Literature and History and colleagues. The object was examined by Yuri Asin. The researchers looked at the radiocarbon artifact and various incisions in it about 13,000 years ago.
The engraving on the Tom River’s tusk has special characteristics that make it difficult to document, he explained. They have very fine and shallow lines, which make them barely visible and tedious to draw.
They are on the surface of a round, long, curved and heavy object, which does not allow to see and identify all the images without turning the tusk. Tusk’s poor condition doesn’t allow us to see a complete and consistent composition.
Engraved on a 13,000-year-old giant teasque of the River Tom in western Siberia; The letters from (1) to (5) and (A) to (i) mark the main images and their descriptions. The scientists then created a 2D model of the tusk’s surface and identified images of two-humped camels arranged in pairs.
All four animals (labeled # 1, 2, 3 and 4 in the image above) were executed in the same style, using similar techniques and equipment, he explained. The main stylistic characteristic of these images is that they combine the contour of the figure with a series of small cross-sections on the inner face.
In some places the outline is missing and the shortcuts serve as outlines by themselves. All camels are represented with only two legs. In most cases, the ends of the legs are not connected. Camels have thick straps tied from the top of their furlays, down their throats, to the base of the front hump (between the front hump and the neck.
The back hump and the circle and on the forehead). It’s all. They’re small and angular. In two figures (# 1 and # 3), the individual dots inside the head probably indicate eyes,” he said. The tail extends out and down. All in all, the animal figures are quite realistic and demonstrate a good understanding of the subject.
Between the camel’s hind legs (# 1) and (# 3), the authors observed a complex anthropomorphic figure. It resembles two legs moving to the right (though with no leg mentioned). It is shown below the number (# 5) and highlighted in yellow, he said.
“It is possible that what we are seeing here is an ethnographic figure whose upper part is represented by animal legs.” According to the team, the images of Tom River tusks are the earliest known representations of camels in Asia.
“Comparative analysis of the stylistic characteristics of the camel figures suggests that they themselves correspond to the age of the tusks, making them the oldest camel images in Asia today,” the researchers said.
“The discovery of the etching in this area is consistent with the theory of Siberian moving clusters in the Upper Upper Paleolithic, moving west from western Siberia.” The team’s article was published in the Journal of Archaeological Research in Asia.
The oldest paintings in Asia are those of warring cambles dug out of giant 13,000-year-old furrows found in Siberia. The 5-foot-tall tusk featured images of four camels and humans in camel outfit. The researchers say this has marked an important point in the cycle of cultures.
Includes drawings of camels fighting and arrows and wounds of others. Researchers have claimed to have found traces of camel fighting in the 13,000-year-old giant tusk in Siberia. A team from the Khakasian Language, Literature and History Research Institute in Russia examined tusks found in the lower Tom River in western Siberia.
According to study author Yuri Asin, the 5-foot-long tusk also includes the etching of an anthropogenic image that may show a human disguised as a camel. This could be a way to show how hunters dress like camels to get close to animals and kill or capture them, the team explained.
There were representations of camels locked in a battle between imitators that may represent the beginning of a mating season and an important stage in the cycle of the human community. Traces of camel fighting found on the 13,000-year-old giant tusk in Siberia are the earliest known images of animals found in Asia, researchers say.
The tusk is about 5 feet tall and was first discovered in 1988, but was abandoned by researchers who did not understand its importance until this study. The camels shown in the tusks correspond to images of camels represented in caves at the same time.
The oldest known painting dates from the Kapova Cave in the Urals, some 19,000 years old. The difference in them is that it refers to the camel fight ‘neck to neck’ and one pair has arrows and wounds, indicating that they were hunted by humans.
The author wrote that a comparative analysis of the stylistic characteristics of camels suggests that they themselves correspond to the age of the Tusks. The discovery of the engraving in this area is consistent with the theory of mobile population groups that moved to western Siberia in the late Paleolithic.
Etchings can be designed to show the importance of camel fighting and hunting to the culture of the community that created the artifacts. This hunt can be seasonal, according to Essen, and fights are likely to occur at the beginning of the mating season.
They speculate that the disputes may have marked an important point in the annual cycle of the human community that lives around camels. Ascon said that not many camel bones have been found in the Tom River, dating from 30,000 to 55,000 years ago.
There are some dates to the time of Tusk, some 13,000 years ago, but they were found at the bottom itself, hundreds of miles upstream. According to Asin, this means that the communities were likely nomadic nomads.
The ‘human disguised as a camel’ was likely a way for predators to ‘sneak up on’ the animals and make them easier to kill.
The tusk was first discovered during a construction project in 1988, but it wasn’t discovered until Asin and his colleagues began their research. He said there is little information about ancient humans living in this region of Siberia.
But there is evidence that they hunted mammalian animals, and now they hunted camels. This was not an easy task for Asin and his colleagues as they began to study it until it began to crumble and break due to ‘improper storage’.
The actual engraving itself is also different from others discovered. There are special etching features on the Tom River tusk, which makes it difficult to document, Asin said. They have very thin and shallow lines.
Which makes them barely visible and the trace and etching are on the surface of a round, long, curved and heavy object, he said. This means that the tusk must be turned to identify what has been drawn, but its poor condition makes it difficult because it was already breaking into parts.
He took a series of illustrations, into which macro photographs of the engraving could be closed, to identify the methods he had created. Avin stated, “The engraving was done with a very sharp cutting tool that, depending on the amount of pressure applied, could produce a line about 0.1 to 2.15mm thinner, or even less,” Asin said.
On the surface of the tusk he painted four images of two-humped camels in the same style and using the same techniques and equipment. All camels are represented with only two legs. He said that in most cases, the lower end of the toes is not connected.
Avin + 6 stated: The engraving was done with a very sharp cutting tool, which, depending on the amount of pressure applied, could produce a line 0.1-0.15mm thinner, or even less. The engraving was done with a very sharp cutting tool that, depending on the amount of pressure applied, could produce a line 0.1 to 2.15 mm thinner, or even less, Everin said. Asin said
Camels have attached thick skin patches from the top of their fur, down their throat, to the base of the front hump (between the front hump and the neck, the rear hump and the jaw and their forehead). In general, the animal figures are quite realistic and demonstrate a good understanding of the subject.
They said they could detect arrows and wound marks on the camel’s body, which also had facing parallel lines that could show bleeding. Similar images of camels are quite common in southern Siberia and central Asia in the art of different cultures from the Bronze Age.
The Early Iron Age, and the medieval period, Essin said. Camels have attached patches of thick skin from the top of their fur, down their throat, to the base of the front hump (between the front hump and the neck, between the rear hump and the circle, and on the forehead).
This suggests that this composition conveys a memorable and important natural feature of camel behavior, including two male rivers. The analogy of some stylistic features and the material seen in images in the Tom River Tusk and in Upper Palaeolithic European art is very significant, he said.
“This suggests that the reason for the equality is not only the historical characteristics of human culture, but also that some traditions were inherited through space and time.” He claimed that Tom River Tusk himself demonstrates that the engraving of various materials was an important part of the cultural tradition in the Upper Paleolithic.
“In this case, stylistic techniques can be assimilated and passed down from generation to generation, as a special part of job skills,” explained Asin. The findings were published in the journal Archaeological Research in Asia.